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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it under consideration by another journal (an explanation has been provided in the Comments to the Editor, if applicable).
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author's Guidelines.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document format. Please ensure that all citations in the text correspond to the provided files. Additionally, include Graphical Abstracts/Highlights files where applicable.
  • Obtain permission for the use of copyrighted material from various sources, including the Internet.
  • Please provide statements on all conflicts of interest related to this manuscript, even if the authors have no interests to declare.

Guideline and Recommendations

Annali Italiani di Chirurgia advocates for a complete and transparent reporting of biomedical and biological research, including applied biological research. The authors are recommended to adhere to the minimum reporting guidelines provided by the EQUATOR Network and follow the guidelines of ‘Good Publication Practice’ outlined by COPE and ICMJE. These guidelines aim to ensure responsible and ethically sound publication of articles.

Furthermore, according to the ICMJE's ‘Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals’, we encourage authors, reviewers, and editors to follow the best practices guidelines for ethical behavior in academic journal publishing.

Type of Study



Randomized Controlled Trials


CONSORT Checklist

Observational Studies including Cohort, Case-Control, and Cross-Sectional Studies


STROBE Checklist

Systematic Review or Meta-Analysis


PRISMA Checklist

Case Reports

CARE Guideline

CARE Checklist  

Animal Research

ARRIVE Guidelines

ARRIVE Checklist

The reporting guidelines for other types of studies can be found at https://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/.

Submission of a manuscript to a journal of Annali Italiani di Chirurgia implies that all authors have read and agreed to its content and that the manuscript conforms to the journal’s policies.

Manuscript Submission Preparation

In the manuscript, along with the indications and institutional affiliations of each author, the Corresponding Author’s name and their email address must be provided. 

The language of publication is professional English. The English abstract should be concise, limited to 400 words, and presented with structured content. EXAMPLE - AIM: 1 sentence; MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1-2 sentences; RESULTS: 1-2 sentences; CONCLUSIONS: 1-3 sentences). Key Words must be indicated (generally 3 to 8). 

The TEXT of the manuscript has to be organized according to the following scheme: a)Introduction (with bibliographic references if it is the case); b) Material and Method (or case experience); c) Results; d) Discussion (with bibliographic references if it is the case) and commentary; e) Conclusions; f) References, in numerical order of citation in the text.

WORK'S ICONOGRAPHY—Annali Italiani di Chirurgia mandates that figures submitted in color be published online in color. To guarantee optimal reproduction quality, it is imperative that photographs, histological, and radiographic illustrations adhere to high-quality standards. The accepted figure types include .eps, .ai, .pdf, .tiff, .png or .jpeg/.jpg (if editable); .eps files will be converted for online publication. Figures prepared as .doc/.docx files will not be accepted.

Specific DPI requirements for figures are as follows:
Minimum resolution for images (i.e., for on-screen viewing): 300 dpi

Figures may be supplied using RGB color-space; however, it should be noted that figures submitted in RGB will be converted to CMYK for print publication.

Furthermore, to uphold the integrity and scientific validity of imprinting techniques (including, but not limited to, protein imprinting) and gel data reports, authors are urged to upload original, untrimmed, and unadjusted images as supplementary information files during the initial manuscript submission. It is crucial to ensure that each referenced graphic in the text is concise, accompanied by relevant annotations, and arranged in numerical order.


The reference list must be organized in numerical order. It should include only those citations that are crucial to the presentation. It is imperative to ensure the accuracy of all references and verify that each reference cited in the text is included in the list. In cases where the number of authors is less than six, the names of all authors should be listed. However, if there are more than six authors, the first six authors' names should be listed, followed by "et al." The standard journal title should be fully written out without any abbreviations, and page numbers should be specified. When referencing in the text, use the corresponding numerical [number] for each reference.

Examples for References:

(1) Journal:
① Less than 6 authors
[1] Costantino M. The rhinogenic deafness and SPA therapy: clinical-experimental study. La Clinica Terapeutica. 2008; 159: 311-315.

② More than 6 authors
[2] Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Research. 2002;935: 40-46.

(2) Book:
[1] Dybvig DD, Dybvig M. Det tenkende mennesket: filosofiog vitenskapshistorie med vitenskapsteori. 2nd edn. Tapir akademisk forlag: Trondheim. 2003.
[2] Lang TA, Secic M. How to report statistics in medicine. American College of Physicians: Philadelphia. 1997.

(3) Patent:
[1] Myers K, Nguyen C, inventors; 3F Therapeutics, Inc., assignee. Prosthetic heart valve. USA: United States patent US 6,911,043. 28 June 2005.

(4) If there are non-English journals in the reference, please insert the journal language as the ending:
[1] Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122: 785-7. (In Norwegian)

(5) Website:
[1] Fugelsnes E. Oppvarmet støv kan gi økte helseplager. 2004. Available at: http://www.forskning.no/Artikler/2004/mars/1079517069.32 (Accessed: 1 April 2004).

If either of these indications are lacking a review of the paper will be required, and notwithstanding its eventual approval for publication, it will be published only when sent back completed by the corresponding Author.

Authors are the only responsible of data and conclusions of their work.

The Direction affirms its right to do, if necessary, some limited adjustements to the text and to images for editorial reasons, and to better the understanding of some articles, without alter the substance of the work. On galley proofs the Corresponding Author will have the possibility to control and agree the final text.

The articles that are debatable can be accompanied from a 'comment' promoted by the Scientific Committee of the journal, which will be included in drafts and excluded from possible corrections.

The authors naturally have the right to replicate to any 'comment' when returning the correct drafts; in that case the bilingual replica will be published in full after the 'comment'.

Comments of other readers will be published on 'Letters to the Director' section. The copyright of published works is reserved to the Journal. On each published article will be reported arrival data, and that of its acceptation. Manuscripts and iconographic material, even if not accepted for publication, will be not given back.

The proofs of accepted manuscripts will be sent to the Corresponding Author and should be returned to the Publisher within the required days (usually within 48 hours) to avoid unexpected delays in publication. 

It is highly hoped that any Author that publishes on Annali Italiani di Chirurgia be also a subscriber to the journal.

Article Processing Charge

Only manuscripts accepted after peer review are subject to APC, typically amounting to 1500 EUR. Please contact the Editorial Office (editorial@annaliitalianidichirurgia.it) for payment information.


The viewpoints or expressions conveyed in the manuscripts featured in Annali Italiani di Chirurgia are representative of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the perspectives of the editors, the editorial board, or the publisher. The editors, editorial board, and publisher explicitly disclaim any responsibility or liability for such materials. Authors bear the ultimate responsibility for the content published.