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AIM: Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (HT) is accepted as a difficult thyroidectomy for surgeons in practice, but there is not enough data in the literature to support this. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether HT belongs to difficult thyroidectomy class or not.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: 614 patients who undergoing total thyroidectomy were evaluated. 270 patients with factors that prolong the operation were excluded from the study. Group 1 consisted of 132 patients reported as benign diseases accompanied by HT. Group 2 consisted of 212 patients reported as other benign diseases with no HT as a result of pathology. Patients were statistically analyzed for age, sex, finding for (Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve) RLN, time for reaching RLN, time for operation, transient or permanent RLN injury and other postoperative complications.
RESULTS: There were statistically significant differences in terms of age, sex, time for operation and time for reaching RLN (respectively; p=0.01, p=0.007, p<0.001 and p<0.001). There was no significant difference between the groups in terms of finding for RLN rates, transient or permanent RLN injury and other postoperative complications (p>0.05).
CONCLUSION: The mean time for operation and mean time for reaching RLN in patients with HT was significantly longer than in patients with other benign pathology results. It has been scientifically shown that HT should be among the causes of difficult thyroidectomy. This result can provide a legal advantage for surgeons who face such a sad complication.