Effect of Operating Room Care Based on Wutong Mode on Anxiety and Depression of Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery: A Single-Center Retrospective Study

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Weijian Chen
Jinchuan Xi
Shentao Wang
Yu Cao

Abstract

Background: The existence of anxiety and depression is not conducive to the rehabilitation of patients, so it is particularly important to apply reasonable and effective nursing methods in operating room to calm the negative emotions of patients. This study aimed to investigate the impact of operating room care utilizing the Wutong mode on the anxiety and depression levels of patients undergoing abdominal surgery.  Methods: The study included 167 patients who underwent abdominal surgery at our hospital from April 2021 to April 2023. These individuals were selected as the research subjects. Based on distinct perioperative management programs, the patients were categorized into the control group (comprising 85 patients receiving conventional perioperative management) and the study group (consisting of 82 patients undergoing operating room care based on the Wutong mode). Comprehensive baseline data, as well as scores from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), General Self-Efficacy Scale-6 (GSE-6), and Short-Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), were collected from all participants. A comparative analysis was performed on sleep status, depression levels, anxiety levels, self-efficacy, and quality of life between the two groups.  Results: Following the intervention, the PSQI scores, as well as BDI and SAS scores of patients in both groups, were significantly reduced compared to pre-intervention levels (p < 0.001). Notably, the study group exhibited markedly lower PSQI scores, BDI scores, and SAS scores compared to the control group post-intervention (p < 0.001). Additionally, the GSE-6 scores of patients in both groups showed a substantial increase after the intervention compared to pre-intervention levels (p < 0.001). The study group demonstrated significantly higher GSE-6 scores and SF-36 scores than the control group after the intervention (p < 0.001).  Conclusion: The Wutong mode-based operating room care has a pronounced impact on patients undergoing abdominal surgery, demonstrating clear clinical application value. This finding offers valuable insights for the development and selection of perioperative nursing plans for patients, providing a significant reference point for healthcare practitioners.

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How to Cite
Chen, Weijian, et al. “Effect of Operating Room Care Based on Wutong Mode on Anxiety and Depression of Patients Undergoing Abdominal Surgery: A Single-Center Retrospective Study”. Annali Italiani Di Chirurgia, vol. 95, no. 1, Feb. 2024, pp. 49-56, https://annaliitalianidichirurgia.it/index.php/aic/article/view/3176.
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