Iatrogenic subcutaneous emphysema in aesthetic breast augmentation. Medicolegal aspects

Main Article Content

Emilio Trignano
Claudia Trignano
Manuel Baccari
Pietro Luciano Serra
Nicola Pili
Elena Mazzeo
Corrado Rubino


The aim of the present study was to investigate clinical results and medico-legal aspects related to the surgical procedure of mini breast augmentation. In the present case, a 28-year-old young woman with bilateral mammary hypoplasia underwent surgery, under local anesthesia, with the placement of 150 cc breast implants in the sub-glandular plane. We report a case of dramatic isolated subcutaneous emphysema without pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum to be related in terms of a causal link to the surgical procedure which the patient underwent. The plastic surgeon proceeded to replace a breast implant that presumably, represented the vehicle of transmission of the suspected pathogen responsible for the infection, to become a causal role for the infectious manifestation. This case report is an emblematic example of the need for a careful and correct surgical procedure, in order to avoid serious consequences as in the case in question, burdened by the occurrence of unsafe conditions for the patient. Compliance with the guidelines and the technical datasheet of breast implants is essential in order to avoid the concrete hypothesis of professional liability.

Article Details

How to Cite
Trignano, Emilio, et al. “Iatrogenic Subcutaneous Emphysema in Aesthetic Breast Augmentation. Medicolegal Aspects”. Annali Italiani Di Chirurgia, vol. 92, no. 2, Mar. 2021, pp. 131-4, https://annaliitalianidichirurgia.it/index.php/aic/article/view/1194.
Case Report