Axillary metastases from occult breast cancer. Our experience

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Alessandro Sanguinetti
Andrea Polistena
Giuseppe D’Ermo
Roberta Lucchini
Roberta Triola
Claudia Conti
Stefano Avenia
Giuseppe Cavallaro
Giorgio De Toma
Nicola Avenia


We report the case of a 63-year-old woman with occult breast cancer who presented with a hard metastatic nodule in the left axilla. Although histology identified a metastatic carcinoma in the lymph nodes, numerous tests failed to detect the primary tumor. Resected lymph node was positive for both estrogen and progesterone receptors, suggesting the breast as the site of the primary tumor. Left modified radical mastectomy was performed. Pathology revealed an invasive lobular  carcinoma (2.5 x 2mm in size) with extensive lymphatic involvement, which strongly expressed both vascular endothelial  growth factor-C (VEGF-C) and VEGF-D.

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How to Cite
Sanguinetti, Alessandro, et al. “Axillary Metastases from Occult Breast Cancer. Our Experience”. Annali Italiani Di Chirurgia, vol. 3, no. February, Feb. 2014, pp. 1-4,
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