Outcomes of silver nitrate use in perianal fistula: are perianal fistulas still a nightmare for surgeons?

Main Article Content

Selcuk Kaya
Yunus Emre Altuntas
Metin Kement
Onder Altın
Muhammet Fikri Kundes
Levent Kaptanoglu
Nejdet Bildik
Hasan Fehmi Kucuk


INTRODUCTION: In this study, we aimed to evaluate outcomes of % 20 silver nitrate (SNS) application in perianal fistula patients.

MATERIAL AND METHOD: All patients who received 20 % SNS treatment for intersphincteric and transsphincteric fistulas between January 2017 and December 2017 were included in our study. Patients were invited for control examinations after one week. Patients with continued discharges after single dose of SNS kept receiving solution six more times with one month intervals. Stopping of discharges were considered as finalization of the study. Cases with discharges after 6 episodes of SNS were described as insufficient healing. The patients were grouped according to healing status (healing patients in Group 1, non-healing patients in Group 2) .Gender, age, follow-up times, date of the complaint start, number of SNS application, type of fistula and frequency of fistula discharge were recorded.

RESULTS: A total of 49 patients were included in this study. Forty-four (% 89.8) of them were male. The mean age was 44.9.

Twenty-eight patients (57.1%) had intersphincteric fistulas, while twenty-two patients (42.9%) had intersfinteric fistulas. Mean number of SNS application was 4.1 (1-6). Patients in Group 1 had mean number of SNS therapy as 3.42 (1-6), whereas cases in Group 2 this number was 5.5 (3-6). Patients were observed approximately for 8.84 months (6-12). We were able to reach sufficient healing in 13 (%26) cases via 2 times and 20 (%40) cases via 3-6 times application of SNS.

CONCLUSION: We were able to reach complete healing rates as % 67 with SNS application in perianal fistula. This is a non-invasive procedure and could be applied in out patient clinics, with low costs. Less complication rates enhances attraction. Patients will not loose chance of surgical treatment. Therefore, we believe SNS may be used as first line treatment in perianal fistulas.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kaya, Selcuk, et al. “Outcomes of Silver Nitrate Use in Perianal Fistula: Are Perianal Fistulas Still a Nightmare for Surgeons?”. Annali Italiani Di Chirurgia, vol. 90, no. 5, Sept. 2019, pp. 480-4, https://annaliitalianidichirurgia.it/index.php/aic/article/view/2518.