The Relationship of Microsatellite Instability with BRAF and p53 Mutations and Histopathological Parameters in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma

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Özgecan Gündoğar
Sibel Bektaş
Emine Yıldırım
Doğan Gönüllü


Aim: This study aims to elucidate the associations between microsatellite instability (MSI) status, BRAF mutation, and p53 reactions with pathological parameters and survival outcomes in colorectal carcinoma. 

Material and Method: MutL homologous 1 (MLH1), Postmeiotic segregation increased 2 (PMS2), MutS homologous 2 (MSH2), MutS homologous 6 (MSH6), BRAF, and p53 antibodies were performed on 130 adenocarcinoma samples, including 65 from the right colon and 65 from the left colon. The relationships of MSI status with BRAF mutation, p53 reaction, clinical and pathological parameters, and survival times were statistically analyzed. 

Results: A statistically significant relationship was found between MSI and right colon localization, tumor size, histological grade, intraepithelial tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, Crohn-like lymphocytic reaction, expansive growth pattern, and BRAF mutation (p < 0.05). No significant correlation was found between MSI status and the disease-free or overall survival times (p > 0.05). 

Conclusion: In colorectal adenocarcinoma, MSI and BRAF mutation are associated with parameters, indicating the host immune response and prognostic histopathological parameters, including tumor size and histological grade. The evaluation of MSI status and BRAF mutation can be particularly informative for predicting the prognosis and guiding the treatment management in poorly differentiated colorectal adenocarcinoma. Understanding the mechanisms of molecular carcinogenesis in colorectal carcinoma and organizing treatment algorithms based on molecular foundations will increase the success of the treatment.

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How to Cite
Gündoğar, Özgecan, et al. “The Relationship of Microsatellite Instability With BRAF and p53 Mutations and Histopathological Parameters in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma”. Annali Italiani Di Chirurgia, vol. 95, no. 2, Apr. 2024, pp. 181-9, doi:10.62713/aic.3377.